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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

viii                      CHURCH OF S. THEODOSIA                      .175
patriarch supposed, in the chamber in the south-eastern pier, but in the chamber in the pier to the north-east. The reasons urged in favour of these modifications of the tradition, as reported' by the Patriarch Constantius, are substantially the following :  In the first place, the body of the last Constantine, after its decapitation, was, at the express order of the victorious Sultan, buried with royal honours, fiera f}a<ri\ucfi$ Ttjw)<s,1 and therefore, so Mr Siderides maintains, must have been interred in the church which then enjoyed the highest rank in the Greek community of the city, viz. the church of the Holy Apostles, the patriarchal cathedral after the appropriation of S. Sophia by the Turks. The church of the Holy Apostles, however, soon lost that distinction, and was torn down to make room for the mosque which bears the name of the conqueror of the city. Under these circumstances what more natural, asks Mr. Siderides, than that pious and patriotic hands should remove as many objects of historical or religious value as possible from the doomed shrine, and deposit them where men might still do them reverence  especially when there was every facility for the removal of such objects, owing to the fact that a Christian architect, Christoboulos, had charge of the destruction of the church and of the erection of the mosque.
Some of those objects were doubtless transferred to the church of the Pammakaristos,2 where the Patriarch Gen-nadius placed his throne after abandoning the church of the Holy Apostles ; but others may have been taken elsewhere. And for proof that the church of S. Theodosia had the honour of being entrusted with the care of some of the relics removed from the Holy Apostles, Mr. Siderides points to the inscription over the doorway leading to the chamber in the south-eastern dome pier. According to the inscription that chamber is consecrated by the remains of Christ's apostles, i.e. the relics which
1 Phrantzes, pp. 290-91, Kal Trpocrrd&t. atirov ol epe0&rer X/utrnoPoi %0a\//av r&
2 E.g., the column at which Christ was scourged stood in the church of the Holy Apostles before the conquest. It was found by Gerlach after the conquest in the Pammakaristos.  Turcograecia, p, 189.